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Table 1 External radiofrequency (RF) field treatment of Panc-1 human pancreatic adenocarcinoma and Hep 3B human hepatocellular cancer cell cultures

From: Intracellular gold nanoparticles enhance non-invasive radiofrequency thermal destruction of human gastrointestinal cancer cells

  Cell Type and Treatment
RF Exposure Hep 3B Control Cell Death (%) Hep 3B GNPs Cell Death (%) P Value Panc-1 Control Cell Death (%) Panc-1 GNPs Cell Death (%) p Value
5 minutes 75.0 ± 12.2 99.8 ± 3.1 0.4 39.8 ± 34.0 96.5 ± 8.4 0.001
2 minutes 21 ± 14.1 98.5 ± 0.5 0.001 26.4 ± 15.8 98.7 ± 3.7 0.001
1 minute 17.6 ± 8.4 99.0 ± 0.2 0.001 15.3 ± 9.8 98.5 ± 2.1 0.001
  1. GNPs = gold nanoparticles 67 μM/L concentration