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Table 9 Synthesis of nanoceria by Sol–gel method

From: Synthesis and biomedical applications of nanoceria, a redox active nanoparticle

S. no Precursors Medium Method References
1. Cerium nitrate hexahydrate and oleic acid Tri-n-octylamine, oleyamine and diphenyl ether Nonhydrolytic sol–gel method [105]
2. Cerium nitrate hexahydrate and europium nitrate pentahydrate and citric acid monohydrate Water and polyethylene glycol Sol–gel method [106]
3. Cerium chloride heptahydrate and aqueous ammonia solution Water and methanol Sol–gel method [107]