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Table 1 Comparison of the sensing performance of our proposed sensor with various WSSV detection methods

From: Electrochemical detection of white spot syndrome virus with a silicone rubber disposable electrode composed of graphene quantum dots and gold nanoparticle-embedded polyaniline nanowires

Materials/Method of detection Target virus (Analyte) Detection range LOD Refs
Piezoelectric microcantilever sensors WSSV (DNA) 50 to 105 virions/ml 100 virions/ml [51]
Lateral flow assay WSSV (DNA) 36–1784 viral copies/ng 356 viral copies/ng [52]
Surface plasmon resonance WSSV (Antigen) 5 to 50 ng/ml 2.5 ng/ml [53]
Loop-mediated isothermal amplification WSSV (DNA) 0.05 to 1 μg/reaction (LAMP products) 2 × 102 copies [54]
Electrochemical WSSV (Antigen) 1.37 × 10−3 to 1.37 × 107 copies/μL 1.36 × 10−3 copies/μl [22]
Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay WSSV (Antigen) 15–240 ng/well 250 pg/well [55]
Polymerase chain reaction WSSV (DNA) 9.0 × 101–2.0 × 104 copies/μg 4 copies/sample [14]
Impedance electrochemical detection WSSV (Antigen) 102 to 109 DNA copies/ml 48.4 DNA copies/ml This work