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Table 3 UCNP

From: Recent progress in the development of upconversion nanomaterials in bioimaging and disease treatment

Biomolecule Examples and refs Application
Antibody NaYF4:Yb,Er [130] LRET system
NaYF4:Yb,Er [131] Photodynamic therapy
DNA/RNA/MiRNA NaYbF4:Yb,Er [109] Delivery and transfection of siRNA
NaYF4:Yb,Tm [108] Specific binding site
Protein/peptide NaYF4:Yb,Er [132] In vivo imaging
NaYF4:Yb,Tm [110] Proof of principle
Folic acid NaYF4:Yb,Er [133] Tumor targeting/imaging
Avidin NaYF4:Yb,Er/
NaYF4:Yb,Tm [134]
Assay application