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Table 2 Waterborne pathogens and their significance in water supplies

From: Nanomaterial enabled sensors for environmental contaminants

Pathogen Health significance Persistence in water supplies
Bacteria
 Burkholderia pseudomallei High May multiply
 Campylobacter jejuni, C. coli High Moderate
 Escherichia coli—pathogenic High Moderate
 E. coli—enterohaemorrhagic High Moderate
 Legionella spp. High May multiply
 Non-tuberculous mycobacteria Low May multiply
 Pseudomonas aeruginosa Moderate May multiply
 Salmonella typhi High Moderate
 Other salmonellae High May multiply
 Shigella spp. High Short
 Vibrio cholerae High Short to long
 Yersinia enterocolitica Moderate Long
Viruses
 Adenoviruses Moderate Long
 Enteroviruses High Long
 Astroviruses Moderate Long
 Hepatitis A virus High Long
 Hepatitis E virus High Long
 Noroviruses High Long
 Sapoviruses High Long
 Rotavirus High Long
Protozoa
 Acanthamoeba spp. High May multiply
 Cryptosporidium parvum High Long
 Cyclospora cayetanensis High Long
 Entamoeba histolytica High Moderate
 Giardia intestinalis High Moderate
 Naegleria fowleri High May multiply
 Toxoplasma gondii High Long
Helminths
 Dracunculus medinensis High Moderate
 Schistosoma spp. High Short