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Table 1 Synthesis of nanoceria by precipitation method

From: Synthesis and biomedical applications of nanoceria, a redox active nanoparticle

S. no Precursors Medium Method References
1. Cerium chloride heptahydrate, CTAB surfactant, and ammonia solution Water Precipitation [28]
2. Ammonium cerium nitrate and urea Water Homogeneous precipitation [29]
3. Cerium nitrate hexahydrate, ammonia solution, hydrogen peroxide, and hexamethylenetetramine Water Precipitation [30]
4. Hydrated Cerium acetate, sodium bis(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate, ammonia solution Water and ethanol Solution phase method [43]
5. Cerium nitrate hexahydrate and sodium hydroxide Water Precipitation [31, 41]
6. Cerium nitrate hexahydrate, ammonium hydroxide, acetone and tween 80 Acetone-water mixed solvent system Surfactant-mediated precipitation method [44]
7. Cerium nitrate hexahydrate, dextran and ammonia solution Water Precipitation method [35]
8. Cerium nitrate, europium nitrate and ammonium hydroxide s Water Co precipitation [36]
9. Cerium nitrate hexahydrate, ammonia and ammonium bicarbonate Water Precipitation method [37]
10. Cerium nitrate hexahydrate, sodium hydroxide, and polyethylene glycol Water Chemical precipitation [38]
11. Cerium nitrate hexahydrate and aqueous ammonia Water Homogeneous precipitation [39]
12. Cerium chloride heptahydrate, CTAB surfactant, and ammonia solution Water Precipitation [45]
13. Cerium nitrate hexahydrate and aqueous ammonia Water Precipitation [40]
14. Cerium nitrate hexahydrate, EDTA and ammonium carbonate Water Chemical precipitation [42]
15. Cerium nitrate hexahydrate and potassium carbonate Water Co-precipitation method [32]
16. Cerium nitrate hexahydrate, polyacrylic acid, and ammonium hydroxide Water Precipitation method [33]
17. Cerium nitrate hexahydrate and ammonium hydroxide Water Precipitation method [34]
18. Cerium nitrate hexahydrate, xanthan gum, and ammonia solution Water Co-precipitation method [46]