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Table 9 The braiding and twisting angles associated to each braided scaffold, braided-twisted scaffold and twisted scaffold.

From: Biodegradable polymer nanocomposites for ligament/tendon tissue engineering

Scaffold levelsTwisting anglesa (degrees)
Fiber twisted to form fiber bundles78 ± 3.469 ± 4.060 ± 4.5
Fiber bundles twisted to form yarns83 ± 2.172 ± 2.362 ± 4.5
Yarns twisted to form scaffolds79 ± 1.468 ± 3.862 ± 4.5
Scaffold2 braid4 braid6 braid
Braiding angle (degrees)78 ± 1.869 ± 2.761 ± 3.4
  1. aThe twisting angles are arranged into structures (fiber bundles, yarns and scaffolds)