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Fig. 5 | Journal of Nanobiotechnology

Fig. 5

From: Recent progress in the development of upconversion nanomaterials in bioimaging and disease treatment

Fig. 5

(Copyright 2015, 2012 and 2015. American Chemical Society. Reproduced with permission.)

a Schematic illustration of the hydrothermal preparation synthetic procedure of UCNPs@TiO2 NCs [79]. b TEM images of the original NaYF4:Yb3+,Tm3+ cores (scale bar = 50 nm). c Sol–gel method for synthesized 2-aminoethyl dihydrogen phosphate-stabilized NaYF4:Yb3+,Er3+ nanoparticles (scale bar: 100 nm) [97]. d UPP@ovalbumin were prepared by microemulsion synthesis [98].

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