Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of most dangerous human infectious bacteria

From: State-of-the-art polymeric nanoparticles as promising therapeutic tools against human bacterial infections

Bacteria specie Phylum Order Gram ±  Medium Disease Treatment Morphology
Enterococcus faecium Firmicutes Lactobacillales  +  Aerobic/Anaerobic Meningitis
Endocarditis
Nosocomial inf
Linezolid
Daptomycin
Tigecycline
Streptogramins
Sultamicillin
Staphylococcus aureus Firmicutes Bacillales  +  Aerobic/Anaerobic Skin inf
Respiratory inf
Nosocomial inf
Penicillin
Oxacillin
Flucloxacillin
Kanamycin
Gentamicin
Streptomycin
Pseudomonas aeruginosa Proteobacteria Pseudomonadales Aerobic/Anaerobic* Sepsis syndromes
Pneumonia
Nosocomial inf
Aminoglycosides
Quinolones
Cephalosporins
Carboxypenicillins
Ureidopenicillins
Carbapenems
Polymyxins
Monobactams
Klebsiella pneumoniae Proteobacteria Enterobacterales Anaerobic¥ Nosocomial inf Aminoglycosides
Cephalosporins
Acinetobacter baumannii Proteobacteria Pseudomonadales Aerobic Nosocomial inf
Meningitis
Imipenem
Meropenem
Polymyxins
Enterobacter spp. Proteobacteria Enterobacterales Anaerobic Nosocomial inf
Urinary inf
Respiratory inf
Cefepime
Imipenem
Aminoglycosides
Quinolones
Polymyxins
Mycobacterium tuberculosis Actinobacteria Actinomycetales  ±  Aerobic Tuberculosis Isoniazid
Rifampin
Pyrazinamide ethambutol
Bedaquiline
Clostridium difficile Firmicutes Clostridiales  +  Aerobic Diarrhea
Intestinal Inflammation
Stop antibiotic therapy
Vancomycin
Metronidazole
Fidaxomicin
Chlamydia trachomatis Chlamydiae Chlamydiales Aerobic trachoma
lymphogranuloma venereum
nongonococcal urethritis cervicitis
salpingitis
pelvic inflammatory disease
blindness
Tetracycline
Doxycycline
Azithromycin erythromycin
Ofloxacin
Neisseria meningitidis Proteobacteria Neisseriales Aerobic Meningitis Cephalosporins
Penicillin G
Chloramphenicol
Corticosteroids
Vibrio cholerae Proteobacteria Vibrionaceae Anaerobic¥ Cholera Hydration, glucose and electrolytes
Tetracycline chloramphenicol
  1. *Commonly aerobic/less common facultative anaerobic
  2. ¥Facultative anaerobic