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Fig. 3 | Journal of Nanobiotechnology

Fig. 3

From: Radiopharmaceutical and Eu3+ doped gadolinium oxide nanoparticles mediated triple-excited fluorescence imaging and image-guided surgery

Fig. 3

The investigation on the excitation mechanism. a the overlayed images of the optical signal generated by Gd2O3:Eu-100. b the optical signal intensity of each tube. cf the images of the optical signal generated by Gd2O3:Eu-100 through interaction with CL, with β particles and γ radiation blocked by the lead plate and CL reflected by the mirrors (c), by Gd2O3:Eu-100 through interaction with CL, β particles, and γ radiation (d), by Eu2O3 through interaction with CL (e) and by Eu2O3 through interaction with CL, β particles, and γ radiation (f). g, h the optical signal intensity of each condition for Gd2O3:Eu-100 (g) and Eu2O3 (h)

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